Home : QC Flag Detection Rules
Q14222 - INFO: QC Flag Detection Rules

In both the QC Report and Variable Analysis Graphs data can be analyzed for QC or SPC Flags.  In a classic SPC Chart we are trying to detect variation beyond the normal chance variation of the process.  These variations are called Special Causes. 

The main purpose of a SPC Chart is to detect a Special Cause (i.e. a process that may not be in control).  SPC charts allow you to detect potential problems before they become obvious.   Once a special cause is identified, we can then take actions to remove it. 

The following rules are generally accepted in interpreting SPC/QC Charts.

All points above or below the Upper and Lower Control Limit: Checks each value against the Upper and Lower Control Limit.

??? Consecutive points are above or below the Warning Limits: Default 2. If 2 or more consecutive points are above or below the Warning Limit the data is flagged.

??? Consecutive points are on one side of the mean: Default 7. If 7 or more consecutive points fall on the same side of the QC Mean. QC Mean is the average of the data set if calculated or can be manually entered as a setpoint.

??? Consecutive points are sloping in one direction: Default 5. If 5 or more consecutive points are sloping in the same direction (i.e. values of 1,3,4,7,9 are sloping up for 5 points since each point is greater than the previous point).

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Created on 6/20/2014 2:05 PM.
Last Modified on 6/23/2014 4:50 PM.
Last Modified by Scott Dorner.
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